quantity intended to be measured
NOTE 1 The specification of a measurand requires knowledge of the kind of quantity, description of the state of the phenomenon, body, or substance carrying the quantity, including any relevant component, and the chemical entities involved.
NOTE 2 In the second edition of the VIM and in IEC 60050-300:2001, the measurand is defined as the 'particular quantity subject to measurement'.
NOTE 3 The measurement, including the measuring system and the conditions under which the measurement is carried out, might change the phenomenon, body, or substance such that the quantity being measured may differ from the measurand as defined. In this case, adequate correction is necessary.
EXAMPLE 1 The potential difference between the terminals of a battery may decrease when using a voltmeter with a significant internal conductance to perform the measurement. The open-circuit potential difference can be calculated from the internal resistances of the battery and the voltmeter.
EXAMPLE 2 The length of a steel rod in equilibrium with the ambient Celsius temperature of 23 °C will be different from the length at the specified temperature of 20 °C, which is the measurand. In this case, a correction is necessary.
NOTE 4 In chemistry, “analyte”, or the name of a substance or compound, are terms sometimes used for 'measurand'. This usage is erroneous because these terms do not refer to quantities.
ANNOTATION (informative) [5 June 2014] As Note 2 says, this definition differs from the definition in VIM2. The quantity that is being measured may not actually be the quantity that is intended to be measured. By making this distinction, it is often possible to include corrections in the measurement model such that the value of the quantity that is intended to be measured can be calculated on the basis of the value of the quantity that is actually measured.