[VIM3] 2.26 measurement uncertainty

uncertainty of measurement, uncertainty
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non-negative parameter characterizing the dispersion of the quantity values being attributed to a measurand, based on the information used


NOTE 1 Measurement uncertainty includes components arising from systematic effects, such as components associated with corrections and the assigned quantity values of measurement standards, as well as the definitional uncertainty. Sometimes estimated systematic effects are not corrected for but, instead, associated measurement uncertainty components are incorporated.

NOTE 2 The parameter may be, for example, a standard deviation called standard measurement uncertainty (or a specified multiple of it), or the half-width of an interval, having a stated coverage probability.

NOTE 3 Measurement uncertainty comprises, in general, many components. Some of these may be evaluated by Type A evaluation of measurement uncertainty from the statistical distribution of the quantity values from series of measurements and can be characterized by standard deviations. The other components, which may be evaluated by Type B evaluation of measurement uncertainty, can also be characterized by standard deviations, evaluated from probability density functions based on experience or other information.

NOTE 4 In general, for a given set of information, it is understood that the measurement uncertainty is associated with a stated quantity value attributed to the measurand. A modification of this value results in a modification of the associated uncertainty.


ANNOTATION (informative) [5 December 2013] Measurement uncertainty is part of a measurement result, which is an outcome of a measurement. "non-negative" means "zero or positive". The "information used" in the definition is the information obtained from performing the measurement.

ANNOTATION (informative) [5 December 2013] A simplified equivalent wording of the definition is "non-negative parameter characterizing the dispersion of the values being attributed to a measurand, based on the information used."



2 Measurement